Fragmentation happens to a hard disk over time as you save, change, or delete files and learning how to defragment your hard drive can help extend your computers life and speed it up. Over time, both the file and the hard disk itself become fragmented, and your computer slows down as it has to look in many different places to open a file.
Disk Defragmenter is a tool that rearranges the data on your hard disk and reunites fragmented files so your computer can run more efficiently. If you think of your computer as a library defragmenting basically means that you are arranging the books so they are easier to find and hence speeding up the time it takes to find something.
Frequency – every 3 months
Time to run – 30 minutes to 4 hours
How to Defragment in Vista/Windows 7/XP
Although Windows Vista/7 does have a built in defragment tool it is more effective to use a tool called defraggler.
Defraggler can be downloaded from the following location
1. Download defraggler from the above location.
2. Run the downloaded file and follow the on screen instructions to install.
3. Once installation has finished and you press the finish button you should be presented with the defraggler screen.
4. Select the drive you wish to defragment (Red arrow) and press defrag (Black Arrow)
5. It is that easy. The defrag can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 90 minutes depending on the level of fragmentation.